The most common form of cancer, in men, is that of the prostate. In fact, one in nine men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime, and th
The most common form of cancer, in men, is that of the prostate. In fact, one in nine men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime, and this risk increases progressively with age. Urologist dealing with prostatic cancer suggest some preventive measures that can help. Read on to know tips to prevent adenocarcinoma of the prostate:
Coffee and green tea is good
Review of clinical studies from 2014, shows the benefit of drinking upward of four to five cups of coffee every day. According to the review, coffee lowers the chances of high-grade metaplasia and in case of cancer, lowers the fatality. This risk of cancer lowers by 11 percent, for every three cups of coffee. Experts believe the kahweol and cafestol contained in caffeine has cancer-fighting abilities. However, this daily dose of caffeine should be lower than 400 milligrams every day, according to experts.
Green tea is rich in flavonoids which lowers the risk of advanced form of prostate cancer.
Eating red foods
Red foods are rich in powerful antioxidant called lycopene, which lowers the risk of prostate cancer, according to studies from the American Institute for Cancer Research. Another study from Spain showed that cooked tomatoes make it easier for the body to absorb this antioxidant. The more ripened the tomato is, the higher its lycopene content.
Eating good fats
Good fats are found in plant-based foods, compared to animal-based fat. Examples of the latter include butter, lard and cheese, which increase the risk of ‘bad cholesterol’ in men. On the other hand, plant-based fats, like olive oil, fresh vegetables, seeds and nuts are higher in ‘good cholesterol’ that mitigates the risk of cardiovascular disorders and impact of carcinogens.
Folates, dairy and omega-3
Lower levels of serum folate increase the risk of cancer, according to research data. The American Cancer Society recommends replenishing folate levels in the body through a variety of foods like green vegetables, fortified cereals, beans and whole grains. In comparison to supplementing with man-made folates, the natural sources are much better.
Dairy use shows mixed data when it comes to risk of prostate cancer. Most studies, as per data from Mayo Clinic, show increased risk of cancer with consumption of dairy and calcium rich diet.
Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish like mackerel, rout, tuna, sardines and salmon lowers the risk of adenocarcinoma of the prostate in men.
Cigarette smoke is filled with toxic carcinogens that increases the chances of cellular dysplasia and cancer. The risk of dying from prostate cancer is higher in smokers, as compared to non-smokers. In fact, even in people with cancer remission, smoking escalates the odds of recurrence of disease and mortality. This risk mitigates with smoking cessation, and as the number of years increase since quitting, the mortality risk lowers. For anyone looking to decrease their risk of adenocarcinoma of the prostate, smoking cessation is a must.
As with any form of cancer, obesity and being overweight increases the risk manifold. Therefore, exercising and maintaining weight within the recommended age-for-weight and height-for-weight standards is helpful in mitigating the risk of cancer. Additionally, exercise is helpful in increasing muscle mass and basal metabolic rate (BMR).
Strength training, yoga and cardio—like walking, running, swimming and bicycling—all can work for this purpose. Ensure that you are exercising at least for an hour, five days a week. With exercise, being consistent is very important, so try to stick to a schedule.
For men with positive family history and other risk factors of prostate cancer, experts like urologists in Doctors Hospital recommend regular screening with serum PSA levels, physical exams and rectal ultrasounds.